Gluten Free Flours- Types, Avaialability and Properties?

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Gluten Free Flours- Types, Avaialability and Properties?

The most common ingredient in many foods such as bread, desserts, and pasta is Flour. It can also often be used as a thickener in sauces and soups. 

Most products have white or wheat Flour. It’s not a problem for many, but people with celiac disease, non-celiac gluten hypersensitivity, or who avoid gluten for other reasons must not consume these two types of Flour.

Luckily, now there are a variety of gluten-free flours on the market, each with a different flavour, texture and nutritional composition. 

What are the other substitutes for gluten free flours?

There are various options available for substitutes for gluten free flour these days.

Some of the gluten-free flours are:

Almond Flour

What is almond flour? Is almond flour gluten free?

Almond flour could be one of the most commonly found grains and gluten-free Flour. It is made from blanched almonds that have been ground, which means that the skin has been removed. A glass of almond flour may contain about 80-90 almonds and has a good nutty flavor. It is commonly used in baked products and may not use grains in place of bread crumbs. 

Usually, it can be used in a 1: 1 ratio instead of regular Flour or Flour. Use extra eggs when baking with this type of Flour. Note that the dough will be thicker, the final product will be denser. 

Almond flour contains many minerals such as iron, magnesium, calcium, potassium, copper and manganese. It is also an excellent source of vitamin E and monounsaturated fats. 

However, it”s fat content increases it”s calorie count to 640 per cup. This is 200 calories more than Flour.

Although almonds and all nuts are naturally gluten-free, it is still important to read the packaging to make sure that the gluten processing facility does not produce Flour.

What can you make from almond flour?

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Coconut Flour

What is Coconut flour? Is Coconut flour gluten free?

Coconut Flour is gluten free and is made from dried coconut, and has a mild coconut flavor. 

 Its light texture gives results similar to regular wheat flour and is suitable for baking bread and desserts. Keep in mind that coconut flour absorbs much more water than regular Flour or almond flowers. 

 Rich in saturated fatty acid lauric acid. This medium-chain triglyceride can provide energy to your body and, when combined with the fiber content of Flour, helps lower “bad” LDL cholesterol. According to studies, its fiber content does not cause spikes and may help maintain healthy blood sugar levels.

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 Coconut Flour is surely a good option for people with nut or gluten allergies. Be careful where the Flour is made, as it can be contaminated during the processing process.

What can you make from coconut flour?

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Corn Flour

What is Corn flour? Is Corn flour gluten free?

Corn Flour is an extremely fine ground version of Corn meal. Corn meal is made from whole grains, including bran, germ and endosperm. 

Commonly used as a liquid thickener and can be used in the production of tortillas and bread. Cornflower is available in white and yellow varieties and can be combined with other gluten-free flours to make a pizza crust. 

 Rich in dietary fiber, it is an excellent source of the carotenoids lutein and zeaxanthin. These two plants act as antioxidants and may help eye health by reducing age-related macular degeneration and reducing the risk of cataracts. 

Also rich in vitamin B6, manganese, magnesium, thiamine, and the antioxidant selenium. Corn comes from a gramineous branch that is different from gluten-rich wheat, barley and rye.

Mutual contamination is usually more likely to occur in processed foods made from corn meal. Even corn bread can contain regular Flour.

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Brown Rice Flour

What is Brown rice flour? Is brown rice flour gluten free?

Brown rice flour is ground brown rice. It is considered whole grain flour and contains bran, germ and endosperm. It has a flavor of 

 nuts and can be used to make roux, thicken sauces, and make bread dishes such as fish and chicken. Brown rice flour is often used in the production of pasta and can be combined with other gluten-free Flour in bread, cookie and cake recipes. This Flour is rich in protein and fibre, both of which can help lower blood sugar levels and lose weight. It is also rich in iron,vitamin B, magnesium, manganese, and plant compounds called lignans.

 To avoid gluten contamination, carefully look for brown rice flour that is not produced in a facility that also processes wheat.

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Oat Flour

What is oat flour? Is oat flour gluten free?

Oat flour is made by crushing whole grain oats. It gives flavor to baked goods rather than medium-strength Flour, giving it a chewy and brittle texture. Baking in oat flour can make the final product juicier. Due to the lack of gluten, some of the ingredients need to be adjusted to make a light and fluffy pastry. 

 Oats contain a type of water-soluble fiber called beta-glucan that has many health benefits. This fiber can help lower blood sugar and insulin levels as well as “bad” LDL cholesterol (31, 32, 33). It is also rich in other antioxidant group nutrients such as 

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 protein, magnesium, phosphorus, B vitamins and avenanthramide. 

 Note: Oatmeal and oat flours are often contaminated by cultivation and processing methods. If you can’t allow yourself to eat gluten, be sure to look for a gluten-free certified product.

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Buckwheat Flour

What is buckwheat flour? Is Buckwheat flour gluten free?

Buckwheat does contain the word “wheat”, but it is gluten-free, not wheat grain. It belongs to pseudocereals, a group of grains that are eaten like grains but do not belong to the grass family. Buckwheat flour provides a rich and rustic flavour and is suitable for quick bread baking. It tends to be brittle due to the lack of gluten. It could be combined with other gluten-free flours such as brown rice flour to make high-quality products. 

it contains various vitamins, vitamin B and is rich in iron, folic acid, magnesium, zinc, manganese and fiber minerals. Buckwheat flour substitute is also rich in antioxidants, especially polyphenol rutin, which has anti-inflammatory properties.

Buckwheat can be mutually contaminated with gluten-containing foods during processing, transportation, or when used as a crop rotation with wheat. Check the certified gluten-free label.

What can you make from buckwheat flour?

There are many buckwheat flour recipes, buckwheat flour nutrition, buckwheat flour pancakes, buckwheat flour cookies, buckwheat flour bread, and buckwheat flour crackers.

Tiger nut Flour

What is tiger nut flour? Is Tiger nut flour gluten free?

Despite its name, Tiger Nut Powder is not made from nuts. Tiger nuts are actually small root vegetables that grow in North Africa and the Mediterranean Sea. Tiger nut flour has a sweet, nutty flavour that goes well with baked goods. Its sweetness makes it possible to reduce the amount of sugar in your recipe. Note that it can be a slightly coarser and finer product than 

 white Flour. The Quarter Cup contains 10 grams of fiber that can help lower cholesterol. Tiger nut flour is rich in healthy monounsaturated fats, iron, phosphorus, potassium, and vitamins E and C. For the first time in the gluten-free market, few companies make this Flour. Tiger nuts are not grain-based, so the risk of gluten contamination is low.

What can you make from tigernut Flour?

There are many Tiger nut flour recipes, tiger nut flour nutrition, tiger nut flour pancakes, Tiger nut flour cookies.

Cassava flour 

What is cassava flour? Is cassava flour gluten free?

Obviously, yes! Cassava is like a starchy root vegetable and native to South America. Also known as Yuka. Its not like tapioca flour, which is made of a starchy liquid extracted from cassava roots, Casava flour is made by drying and then grinding the entire root. This Flour is gluten-free, grain-free and nut-free. 

Very similar to white Flour and can be safely used in recipes that require medium-strength Flour. It has a very neutral taste and is easy to digest. It also has fewer calories than coconut or almond flour. Cassava flour is mainly composed of carbohydrates. Like tapioca flour, it also provides resistant starch and has various digestive benefits.

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Some studies suggest that the resistant starch content of this type of Flour may help lower blood sugar levels and improve insulin sensitivity. Note that treating cassava root can reduce the resistant starch content of Flour.

Cassava flour can also be used alone in foods, making it less likely to be contaminated. But where the product was processed is always important.

What can you make from cassava flour?

You can make various cassava flour recipes, casava flour cookies, casava flour pasta, casava flour chips, siete cassava flour tortilla, cassava flour pancakes, cassava flour substitutes, siete cassava flour tortillas etc

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Tapioca flour 

What is Tapioca flour? Is Tapioca flour gluten free?

Tapioca flour is made of the starchy liquid of cassava root in South America. This Flour can be used as a thickener in soups and sauces and pies, and its taste and flavor are unknown. It is also used in combination with other gluten-free flours in bread recipes. With the exception of carbohydrates, tapioca flour provides nutritional value in form of fiber, protein, and micronutrients. In fact, this is considered inferior to other gluten-free whole grains and is often considered an empty calorie. The health benefit of tapioca flour is its elastic starch content, which acts like fiber. This digestive-resistant starch is associated with improved insulin sensitivity, lower blood sugar levels, loss of appetite, and other digestive benefits. 

 If you do eat a gluten-free diet, make sure tapioca flour is not combined with other gluten-containing flours.

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Chickpea flour 

What is Chickpea flour? Is Chickpea flour gluten free?

Chickpeas belong to the legume family and Chickpea flour is made from dried chickpeas and is also known as chickpea flour, chickpea flour recipes, and besan. 

 Chickpeas do have a nutty flavor and a grainy texture and are popular in Middle-Eastern and Indian cuisines. Chickpea flour can be used to make falafel, hummus and socca flatbread. 

 An excellent source of dietary fiber and vegetable protein. These nutrients do work together to slow digestion, promote satiety and control body weight.

Chickpea flour is also high in magnesium and potassium minerals, both of which play an active role in promoting heart health.

Mutual contamination can occur in certain processed foods made from other gluten-containing flours.

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